The bachelor’s degree is the standard minimum for many marketing professions. A marketing degree usually takes four years to complete and is commonly found as a staple major at most college and universities. Marketing is customarily part of business studies, so while some marketing degrees may be in marketing, others may be in business with a marketing emphasis.
Canada’s oilsands are getting a taste of their slower-growth future. Husky Energy Inc. on Thursday became the second big oilsands producer to say that it throttled back first-quarter production in response to steeper discounts for Canadian crude.
Organizational orientation: In this sense, a firm’s marketing department is often seen as of prime importance within the functional level of an organization. Information from an organization’s marketing department would be used to guide the actions of other department’s within the firm. As an example, a marketing department could ascertain (via marketing research) that consumers desired a new type of product, or a new usage for an existing product. With this in mind, the marketing department would inform the R&D department to create a prototype of a product/service based on consumers’ new desires.
It is a truism of marketing education that marketing can’t create a need, but many marketing campaigns are based on creating an awareness of a product and the desirability of owning that product. What is important is that this _awareness creates the need. S_ome common strategies for creating an awareness of the product and giving it a context that stimulates a desire to own it are:
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The marketing orientation is perhaps the most common orientation used in contemporary marketing. It is a customer-centric approach that involves a firm basing its marketing program around products that suit new consumer tastes. Firms adopting a marketing orientation typically engage in extensive market research to gauge consumer desires, use R&D to develop a product attuned to the revealed information, and then utilize promotion techniques to ensure consumers are aware of the product’s existence and the benefits it can deliver. [28] Scales designed to measure a firm’s overall market orientation have been developed and found to be relatively robust in a variety of contexts. [29]
Carrick Talks Money: Are houses an investment or a consumer good? 1:06 Rob Carrick discusses whether you should consider your house as an investment or a consumable good with Doug Hoyes, author of ‘Straight Talk On Your Money’ .
Retail marketing needs to account for the unique facets of retail stores. A number of authors have argued for the inclusion of two new Ps, namely, Personnel and Presentation since these contribute to the customer’s unique retail experience and are the principal basis for retail differentiation. Some scholars also recommend adding Retail Format (i.e. retail formula) since it contributes to customer expectations. [50] The modified retail marketing mix is often called the 6 Ps of retailing. [51][52]
Other recent studies on the “power of social influence” include an “artificial music market in which some 14,000 people downloaded previously unknown songs” (Columbia University, New York); a Japanese chain of convenience stores which orders its products based on “sales data from department stores and research companies;” a Massachusetts company exploiting knowledge of social networking to improve sales; and online retailers who are increasingly informing consumers about “which products are popular with like-minded consumers” (e.g., Amazon, eBay).
Determining which approach is right for your business depends on your budget and on your target customer. You want to be sure that you are promoting your product where people will see it and where you will get the greatest exposure possible for the money spent (also known as “return on investment”).
Wild swings in oil prices have wreaked havoc on energy company finances in recent years, prompting several to lock in their price to avoid further shocks. However, those price hedges have been a boon to some companies and a curse to others.
STREETWISE Lexpert: Canadian law firms go where the work takes them on mining megaprojects Subscriber content When lawyers follow their clients halfway around the world to look out for their interests, it layers on additional challenges – and some are minefields.
The Sun may never set, but air temperatures can plummet to -4 degrees Fahrenheit, and blinding snowstorms appear without warning. Sunbathing here can be risky business: even huddled in our parkas and boots, the members of our expedition live under the constant threat of frostbite and hypothermia. —Terrie M. Williams,  Natural History,  October 2003
Generally, corporations are required to pay tax just like “real” people. In some tax systems, this can give rise to so-called double taxation, because first the corporation pays tax on the profit, and then when the corporation distributes its profits to its owners, individuals have to include dividends in their income when they complete their personal tax returns, at which point a second layer of income tax is imposed.

A limited liability company. “A company—statutorily authorized in certain states—that is characterized by limited liability, management by members or managers, and limitations on ownership transfer”, i.e., L.L.C.[12] LLC structure has been called “hybrid” in that it “combines the characteristics of a corporation and of a partnership or sole proprietorship”. Like a corporation, it has limited liability for members of the company, and like a partnership it has “flow-through taxation to the members” and must be “dissolved upon the death or bankruptcy of a member”.[14]
Charter corporations. Before the passing of modern companies legislation, these were the only types of companies. Now they are relatively rare, except for very old companies that still survive (of which there are still many, particularly many British banks), or modern societies that fulfill a quasi-regulatory function (for example, the Bank of England is a corporation formed by a modern charter).
Public relations departments are in charge of managing communications with the media, consumers, and the public. Companies, non-profit organizations, government agencies and educational institutions must all handle public relations to some extent, with each organization’s unique needs dictating the focus and tasks of its public relations department. In general, individuals in these departments serve as spokespeople and liaisons, promote events or newsworthy developments, and generally work to ensure the company or organization maintains a positive image in the eyes of the public.
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But what does a marketer do? Unfortunately there isn’t one set job description for everyone in this position. But we connected with marketing pros to give you a sneak peek at three common types of marketing. Taking a closer look at these options will help you determine if this field is right for you.
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“[Market research] can help organizations uncover any unmet needs customers might have, measure the level of customer satisfaction, estimate price sensitivity, estimate the demand for new products or services or determine if there are any distinct segments of customers that might have an interest or openness to a certain product,” says Tim Glowa, co-founder of Bug Insights.
A business name structure does not separate the business entity from the owner, which means that the owner of the business is responsible and liable for all debts incurred by the business. If the business acquires debts[,] the creditor or creditors can go after your personal possessions. A business structure does not allow for corporate tax rates. The proprietor is personally taxed on all income from the business.
The four Ps, often referred to as the marketing mix or the marketing program,[31] represent the basic tools which marketers can use to bring their products or services to market. They are the foundation of managerial marketing and the marketing plan typically devotes a section to each of these Ps.
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Successful companies don’t release products and then move on to new products. They stay involved with their current products, continually modifying and improving them. Apple has been particularly adept at this strategy, with frequent updates of existing software, backed by extensive, clear information releases about the updates. This keeps customers involved. Apple has one of the highest loyalty and customer satisfaction ranking among all major brands.
Jump up ^ Hooley, G., Fahy, J., Beracs, J., Fonfara, K. and Snoj, B., “Market Orientation in the Transition Economies of Central Europe: Tests of the Narver and Slater Market Orientation Scales,” Journal of Business Research, Vol. 50, 2000, pp 273–285. Note that the most widely applied scale is that developed by Narver and Slater in Narver, J.C., and Slater, S.F., The Effect of Marketing Orientation on Business Profitability,” Journal of Marketing, Vo. 54, 1990, pp 20–35
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Web3 is #1 in my books when it come to anything to do with online marketing and web design in Edmonton. We had them design our website and it looks spectacular. The Web3 staff can help put you at the top too. — Joanne O., European Cutters Ltd10/27
Industrial manufacturers produce products, either from raw materials or from component parts, then export the finished products at a profit. They include tangible goods such as cars, buses, medical devices, glass, or aircraft.
Marketing is important for all organizations, large or small, profit or not-for-profit, wholesaler or retailer. Typically they combine a strong analytical mind with a creative flair and an ability to connect and communicate with people.In this major you’ll learn how to conduct research to identify customer needs and to direct new product development, how to determine when and where products and services are needed by potential customers at appropriate prices, strategies to build strong brands, and how to communicate with consumers using new and traditional media. You’ll also explore how to adapt marketing to international markets and cultures. Understanding these foundational concepts will be advantageous for any business professional.
Some authors cite a further P – Packaging – this is thought by many to be part of Product, but in certain markets (Japan, China for example) and with certain products (perfume, cosmetics) the packaging of a product has a greater importance – maybe even than the product itself.
Agriculture, such as the domestication of fish, animals and livestock, as well as lumber, oil and mining businesses that extract natural resources and raw materials, such as wood, petroleum, natural gas, ores, plants or minerals.
The field of digital marketing is growing rapidly as more companies are focusing their efforts on online advertising and e-sales. Digital marketing professionals have advanced knowledge and specialized skills in the areas of search engine optimization (SEO), pay-per-click (PPC) advertising, content management, and web design.
The bachelor’s degree is the primary degree for beginning a marketing career. The degree provides a comprehensive education in marketing and business principles; it’s no wonder a large percentage of entry-level marketing positions require it. Students can expect to take four years to complete the degree. In addition to general education and personal elective courses, students will usually find the following classes as a part of their bachelor’s degree marketing curriculum:
Retailers, wholesalers, and distributors act as middlemen and get goods produced by manufacturers to the intended consumers; they make their profits by marking up their prices. Most stores and catalog companies are distributors or retailers.
Marketing communications is an audience-centered activity designed to engage audiences and promote responses. It is defined by actions a firm takes to communicate with end-users, consumers, and external parties.