An associate degree in marketing could be a solid choice for those who want to learn about marketing, but don’t want to commit to a full bachelor’s degree and/or would like to begin working as soon as possible. Depending on the program, an associate degree can allow graduates to begin working within two years after high school, sometimes even less. And if the students decide to get a bachelor’s degree, most if not all of the associate degree credits will count toward that degree.
This refers to how the product gets to the customer; the distribution channels and intermediaries such as wholesalers and retailers who enable customers to access products or services in a convenient manner. This third P has also sometimes been called Place, referring to the channel by which a product or service is sold (e.g. online vs. retail), which geographic region or industry, to which segment (young adults, families, business people), etc. also referring to how the environment in which the product is sold in can affect sales.
Marketing degrees are not only found at multiple levels, but with varying concentrations and opportunities for specialization. Some degrees are for entry-level positions and provide a solid foundational knowledge base for any number of marketing careers. Other degrees are more specific, such as the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), which is targeted toward research and teaching, and offer specialty areas such as behavioral and quantitative marketing. Many of these unique marketing degrees found at the graduate level also prepare students for leadership and management roles upon graduation.
There are numerous degree paths available for those who want a career in marketing. Outside of the bachelor’s degree, each marketing degree will usually be tailored for a specific purpose of objective. The chart below offers an overview of each possibility, and why students might choose one path over another.
But what does a marketer do? Unfortunately there isn’t one set job description for everyone in this position. But we connected with marketing pros to give you a sneak peek at three common types of marketing. Taking a closer look at these options will help you determine if this field is right for you.
Planning events, managing store displays, and overseeing Internet advertising initiatives are just a few of the responsibilities that fall to a promotions manager. These individuals are responsible for coordinating events and activities related to generating sales and increasing revenue for the company. Promotions managers may be responsible for developing and implementing various types of marketing promotions and campaigns, hosting contests and sweepstakes, and organizing special events.
Jump up ^ Fisk, R.P., Brown, W. and Bitner, M.J., “Tracking the Evolution of Services Marketing Literature, Journal of Retailing, vol. 41 (April), 1993; Booms, B. and Bitner, M. J. “Marketing Strategies and Organizational Structures for Service Firms” in James H. Donnelly and William R. George (eds), Marketing of Services, Chicago: American Marketing Association, 47–51; Rafiq,M. and Ahmed,P.K. “Using the 7Ps as a Generic Marketing mix: An Exploratory Survey of UK and European Marketing Academics”, Marketing Intelligence & Planning, Vol. 13, no. 9, pp 4–15
Businesses that have gone public are subject to regulations concerning their internal governance, such as how executive officers’ compensation is determined, and when and how information is disclosed to shareholders and to the public. In the United States, these regulations are primarily implemented and enforced by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Other western nations have comparable regulatory bodies. The regulations are implemented and enforced by the China Securities Regulation Commission (CSRC) in China. In Singapore, the regulatory authority is the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), and in Hong Kong, it is the Securities and Futures Commission (SFC).
In 2012 advertising, promotions and marketing managers earned a median annual salary of $115,750. Jobs in this category are expected to grow by 12 percent through 2022, according to the BLS. Some common responsibilities associated with this position include creating marketing campaigns, meeting with clients and determining which type of media in which a company should invest its marketing efforts.
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Accounting is the measurement, processing and communication of financial information about economic entities[15][16] such as businesses and corporations. The modern field was established by the Italian mathematician Luca Pacioli in 1494.[17] Accounting, which has been called the “language of business”,[18] measures the results of an organization’s economic activities and conveys this information to a variety of users, including investors, creditors, management, and regulators.[19] Practitioners of accounting are known as accountants. The terms “accounting” and “financial reporting” are often used as synonyms.
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During the 1940s, the discipline of marketing was in transition. Interest in the functional school of thought, which was primarily concerned with mapping the functions of marketing was waning while the managerial school of thought, which focussed on the problems and challenges confronting marketers was gaining ground. [32] The concept of marketers as “mixers of ingredients,” was first introduced by James Culliton, a Professor at Harvard Business School. [33] At this time theorists began to develop checklists of the elements that made up the marketing mix, however, there was little agreement as to what should be included in the list. Many scholars and practitioners relied on lengthy classifications of factors that needed to be considered to understand consumer responses.[34] Neil Borden developed a complicated model in the late 1940s, based upon at least twelve different factors.[35]
Individuals with strong planning, organization and communication skills can pursue a career as a meeting or event planner. These jobs encompass planning conferences, conventions and special events. Companies may hire event planners to coordinate trade shows and other company events, organize meetings, and identify and secure venues that are ideal to provide exposure for the organization or to generate sales. They may also be involved with negotiating contracts and reviewing event invoices and bills to approve payment.
Safety is a key business concept that is defined by Merriam-Webster as “the condition of being safe from undergoing or causing hurt, injury, or loss”.[21] Injuries cost businesses billions of dollars annually.[22] Studies have shown how company acceptance and implementation of comprehensive safety and health management systems reduces incidents, insurance costs and workers’ compensation claims.[23] New technologies, like wearable safety devices[24] and available online safety training, continue to be developed to encourage employers to invest in protection beyond the “canary in the coalmine” and reduce the cost to businesses of protecting their employees.
The coursework will vary greatly, based on the student’s individual choice and the specialized area covered by the certificate. However, some sample classes a student can find in a certificate program include:
A company limited by guarantee with a share capital. A hybrid entity, usually used where the company is formed for noncommercial purposes, but the activities of the company are partly funded by investors who expect a return. This type of company may no longer be formed in the UK, although provisions still exist in law for them to exist.[13]
The product’s sales/revenue is increasing, which may stimulate more marketing communications to sustain sales. More entrants enter into the market, to reap the apparent high profits that the industry is producing.
A company on the other hand, is a separate legal entity and provides for limited liability as well as corporate tax rates. A company structure is more complicated and expensive to set up, but offers more protection and benefits for the owner.[6]
Service businesses offer intangible goods or services and typically charge for labor or other services provided to government, to consumers, or to other businesses. Interior decorators, beauticians, hairstylists, make-up artists, tanning salons, laundromats, dry cleaners, and pest controllers are service businesses.

Public relations departments are in charge of managing communications with the media, consumers, and the public. Companies, non-profit organizations, government agencies and educational institutions must all handle public relations to some extent, with each organization’s unique needs dictating the focus and tasks of its public relations department. In general, individuals in these departments serve as spokespeople and liaisons, promote events or newsworthy developments, and generally work to ensure the company or organization maintains a positive image in the eyes of the public.
Individuals interested in a leadership or executive position may excel as a chief marketing officer (CMO) of a company. These executives are in charge of coordinating all marketing, media, creative, advertising, and public relations activities, implementing a cohesive plan designed to propel the organization toward its sales objectives. They are creative and analytical in their approach and must have strong leadership skills to delegate tasks and projects to appropriate departments.